1955 Chevy Truck Specifications
- 1955 Chevy trucks were produced in two different series.Antique Truck image by jodi mcgee from Fotolia.com
The light-duty pickup trucks built by the Chevrolet Division of General Motors for 1955 were sold to farmers and ranchers as utility work trucks. They were virtually identical to the GMC trucks of the same year. Only the engines, grilles, tailgates and hub caps were different. The trucks are valued by collectors and restorers for their simplicity and classic styling.
- Chevrolet produced its 1955 pickup trucks in two separate production series. The Advance Design trucks were built from 1947 until early 1955. Task Force trucks were built from 1955 until 1959. The trucks were manufactured in a wide variety of models and body styles. They were available as short-beds, flat-beds, platform and stake models. They were also built as fully-enclosed panel trucks, Suburban carry-alls and delivery models. The carry-alls had three rows of seats while the delivery models had front seats with rear storage space.
- Chevy trucks for 1955 featured the standard Thriftmaster inline six-cylinder engine. It used a Rochester single-barrel downdraft carburetor or a Carter updraft type. The carburetors had manual chokes. The 235.5 cubic inch, overhead valve straight-six had a bore and stroke of 3.56 by 3.94 inches. Its compression ratio was 7.5:1 and it idled at 475 rpm. It produced 112 horsepower at 3,700 rpm with a maximum torque rating of 200 foot-pounds at 2,000 rpm. The motor had flat-head cast aluminum pistons with steel struts and drop-forged steel connecting rods. The Series 2 engine generated 123 horsepower. The engines used oil-filled air cleaners with built in silencers and flame-arresters.
- The 1955 Chevy trucks had hot-rolled, pickled-steel ladder frames. The front and rear suspension was provided by chrome carbon-steel alloy semi-elliptic leaf springs. The trucks had hydraulic piston shock absorbers. The semi-floating rear axle had a welded, pressed steel banjo housing. The pickups used a standard GM manual three-speed synchro-mesh transmission with the shifter mounted on the steering column. This arrangement was known as "three-on-the-tree." A heavy-duty three-speed Borg-Warner or a GM four-speed gearbox with a floor shifter was optional. The clutch was a dry, single-plate type with woven or molded asbestos on the plate's facings. The trucks used servo-type single-anchor, drum-brakes with asbestos lining. The first Chevy trucks to have factory whitewall tires were the 1955 models. The trucks featured yellow-pine wood beds.